Pakatan’s failure to ratify ICERD due to ego, ‘Jesus Christ mentality’, says Khairy

This article first appeared on Malay Mail on 19 August 2019. 

KUALA LUMPUR, Aug 19 — The Pakatan Harapan (PH) government could not ratify the International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination (ICERD) because it had a superiority complex, says a former minister.

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Khairy speaks on bumiputra issue and how the nation can move forward

This article first appeared on the Sun daily on 19 August 2019. 

PETALING JAYA: Article 153 of the Federal Constitution, which clearly states the special position of the Malays and bumiputra in Sabah and Sarawak, has to be clearly defined due to the emotional attachment by the Malays and bumiputra to this clause.

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JCI-JSC-WP-2019-02: FTA Utilisation and Impact of Regional Trade Agreements on Trade of ASEAN and Australia: AANZFTA

by: Shandre THANGEVALU (JCI), Dionisius NARJOKO (ERIA), Shujiro URATA (ERIA, Waseda University)

JCI-JSC-WP-2019-02, July 2019.

In this paper, we examine the impact of ASEAN-Australia-New Zealand Free Trade Agreement (AANZFTA) on Australian trade and in particular on imports from ASEAN member countries to Australia. This paper explicitly examines the FTA utilisation (AANZFTA) by ASEAN countries (10 ASEAN countries) at 6 digit-trade classification from 2012-2016 using Australian customs data. We implement the Hayakawa and Shiino (2018) model of FTA utilisation based on preferential tariff margin. The study accounts for both multilateral and bilateral FTAs across the countries in study. The result indicate that the preferential margin is positive indicating positive impact on FTA utilisation. However, the results also indicate that the utilisation rates of AANZFTA are low across the ASEAN countries as compared to bilateral FTAs in Malaysia, Thailand and Singapore. We also found exporting effects in Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines and Vietnam. The learning-effects of using FTAs are also strong in our study. We also found evidence of co-sharing rule in the FTA tends to increase the utilisation of FTAs.

Key words: preferential tariffs – trade liberalisation – preference erosion
JEL classification: F13, F15, F53

Read Full Working Paper Here (20 pages, 0.9MB)